Sea salt comes in different varieties. They are generally collected in different parts of the world. The two most collected types are marine grade sea salt and fine sea salt. There are other varieties too. You can buy sea salt either as coarse or fine sea salt. To determine which one to buy, you must know some of the important details about each type.
Fine sea salts are derived from the sand that is collected from the sea bed. It contains a lot of minerals and other microorganisms, which are necessary for the existence of various organisms living on the sea beds. Unlike the refined sea salts which are processed and made into kitchen products, fine sea salts are harvested by following a traditional process. Most of the sea salts that are harvested in the Mediterranean region.
Crude sea salt is not actually harvested. Instead, it is formed when the fine sand that is gathered from the sea bed is mixed with groundwater. As the sand moves and blends with the groundwater, it forms coarse sea salt. This type of sea salt does not contain minerals like potassium or magnesium. These are the common elements present in fine sea salt, but they are removed during the refining process.
Evaporating seawater impurities are added to the fine sea salt as it is prepared for sale on the open market. The most common element present in evaporating seawater is sodium chloride. Sodium chloride helps in the refinement of the mineral properties of the fine sea salt. One of the minerals that is removed during the refinement process is the trace minerals like calcium, which plays an important role in the development of strong teeth and bones. Another very important trace mineral present in evaporating seawater is magnesium.
After the refinement of the coarse salt crystals, the fine sodium-rich crystals are separated out from the sea salt. All the elements are now separated out into separate piles. The pile of salt crystals that has lost most of its sodium chloride will be further used as kitchen table salt or in cooking recipes. The remaining salt crystals will then undergo another process called “salt spray” to make it even cleaner and more effective in curing and seasoning food.
Natural flavor and texture of the fine sea salts depend on the amount of processing that has been done to them. Salt spray evaporation uses a relatively larger grain size than traditional sea salt evaporation to produce a more concentrated salt product. By using larger grain sizes in salt spray evaporation, the salt crystals are separated out evenly so that each crystal is exposed to the air and gets vaporized at the same time. This results in a salt product with better color and less oily after taste.
Ion exchange massaging machines use electrolytes instead of water to achieve better texture and flavor. In this process, salt crystals are soaked in electrolyte solutions for a certain period of time. Afterwards, the solution is passed through a resin bed, where the ions and the fine grains are exchanged. This is done again until a desired texture is achieved. Ion exchange massaging machines are useful in improving the texture and flavor of salty dishes, particularly sea foods.
A lot of people have great experiences with table salt. However, not everyone can agree on the exact mineral content of each kind of salt, and so the mineral content information on the back of a salt tablet may vary. When buying tablets, you should always check the mineral makeup to determine how similar the salt is to sea salt. You may find that your tastes change when you start using a tablet that closely resembles what you already have at home.